ICT in Education Toolkit Version 2.0a
September 2006
Manage Users |   How to Use the Toolkit   Concept and Blue Print   Logout
  Welcome , NIUE
Toolkit Map Filing Cabinet Team Bookshelf Search Handbook Toolkit Library My Messages
ICTs for Education: Resources
1 Background
2 The Potential of ICTs
  Expanding Educational Opportunities & Increasing Efficiency
  Enhancing Quality of Learning
  Enhancing Quality of Teaching
  Faciliating Skill Formulation
  Sustaining Lifelong Learning
  Improving Policy Planning and Management
  Advancing Community Linkages
3 From Potential to Effectiveness

ICTs for Education: A Reference Handbook
1 Decision Makers Essentials
2 Analytical Review
3 Resources
4 PowerPoint Presentation
View Toolkit Map
View ICT for Education Handbook
  2.6 Improving Policy Planning and Management

Resource 2.6.1 - Sample List of EMIS Software [48]

Sample List of EMIS Software

Name and Contact


Sample Functions

Country of Origin


Education Management Systems


Integrated School & District Software

School Lunches,
Student Records,


Small, medium schools & Districts

Class Act Software

[email protected]

Integrated School Software

Student Records,
Teacher Pay,
Class Attendance


Small, medium sized schools

TASS-Alpha School System


Integrated School Software

Student Records,
Teacher Pay,
Class Attendance,
Student Accounts


Used primarily in Australia, variable school sizes



School Student Software

Student Records,
Class Attendance,
Parent Contact


Supports instructional activity best

ABT Campus


Integrated School Software

Student Records,
Class Attendance,
Business Management


Extensive use of the Web for interfaces

Rediker Software


Integrated School Software

Student Records,
Class Attendance,
Counseling Records, Business Management

USA/ Europe

Worldwide application, oriented to educators needs



Integrated School Software

Student Admissions,
Records, Billing,
Business Management,
Facilities Management



IBM-Solutions for Schools


School Software, Selected District Software


USA/ Worldwide

Various semi-custom solutions

Computer Associates


District, Regional, National, Single Function Software

Human Resources,

USA/ European

Requires a Systems Integrator to link large systems

MSA Inc.


National, Provincial, Single Function Software

Human Resources, Inventory, Textbook Management

USA/ Worldwide

Requires Systems Integrator to link large systems

PeopleSoft, Inc.


National, Provincial Semi-Integrated Software

Human Resources,
Student Records

USA/ Europe

Requires Systems Integrator to install.



National, Provincial, Regional, District Integrated Software

Information reporting on Students, Human Resources, Financial Summaries, Facilities, Textbooks


Planning & management oriented EMIS. Links to existing school system.

SCT Solutions


National , School Integrated Software-also Higher Education

Students, Human Resources, Finances, Inventory, Class Scheduling

USA/ Europe

Higher Education oriented. Large user base.

Campus America


School Integrated Software-Higher Education

Student Records, Human Resources, Finances, Inventory, Class Attendance, Store Management


Higher Education oriented. Medium sized institutions

Resource 2.6.2 Examples of Structured Simulations [49]

Structured simulations use algorithms to simulate how a system operates. Users' choices and possible outputs are specified in advance. Exemplary of this kind of simulation are four models:

APEX (Assessing Policies for Educational Excellence) [50]

The underlying model shows the effects on enrollments, costs, and school quality as a result of decisions affecting class size, teacher training and other inputs. The simulation was developed initially to assist the Opposition to the Apartheid government of South Africa to anticipate the consequences of government-proposed education reforms. After the transition to a democratic government, APEX was used extensively to educate citizen groups on what reasonably could be expected from various policy reforms.

EPICS [51]

This model runs as a table game in which the players' decisions are scored by an underlying computer model that calculates the impact of allocations on educational indicators such as enrollment, class size, gender equity and internal efficiency, as well as indicators of economic growth, public health and population growth. Players represent the staff of a ministry of education charged with resource allocation through the annual budget. Normally, the simulation takes players through five rounds or annual budgets. External "events" that occur in several rounds require that players reconsider the strategies they are developing.

REDUC (Latin American Network of Centers of Educational Research) [52]

REDUC has produced six policy analysis simulations. These combine structured and unstructured elements (Heuristica educativa, 1998). Players assume roles within a government agency, and must negotiate with other actors to determine allocation of scarce resources. An underlying mathematical model generates system responses to these allocations, which then stimulate further negotiations. (See "Using Technology to Manage Education Information" in TechKnowLogia for more information on REDUC) [53]


DECIDE is a computer-based simulation designed to be used by teams that discuss where to locate decision making to solve the problem presented by the computer. The sequences of situations that follow correspond to the school calendar and are reactive to the participants' choices. Each new situation provides text evaluating the previous choice in terms of whether it solves the initial problem or generates new ones. The participants' progress is "scored" in reference to whether they are able to keep up with the school calendar.

48 Kurt Moses and Vivian Toro. January/February 2001. "Education Management Information Systems (EMIS): Available Software and Guidelines for Selection." TechKnowLogia. Available at: www.TechKnowLogia.org
49 Excerpted from: Noel F. McGinn. January/February 2001. "Computer Simulations and Policy Analysis." TechKnowLogia. Available at: www.TechKnowLogia.org
50 F. H. Healey. 1984. "Policy Support in South Africa: An Emerging Paradigm." The Forum for Advancing Basic Education and Literacy, 3(4).
51 Claire Brown, Haroona Jatoi, and Christina Rawley. Revised 1998. Education Policy Simulation (EPICS): A Decision-Making Model to Improve Access to Schooling. Creative Associates International and Harvard Institute for International Development,. Jeanne Moulton. 1998. Uganda's Primary Education System: A Model of Sustainable Reform (brochure). Washington, DC: Academy for Educational Development.
52 Heuristica educativa. Santiago: UNESCO/OREALC, 1998
53 http://www.techknowlogia.org/TKL_active_pages2/CurrentArticles/t-right.asp?IssueNumber=9&FileType=HTML&ArticleID=228
54 T. Welsh and N. McGinn. 1999. DECIDE: A Simulation of Relocating Decision Making in Education Systems (Version 4) [CD]. Washington DC: Academy for Educational Development.


  Acknowledgements | Terms & Conditions

Copyright © 2006. All rights reserved.

Site designed and maintained by: Sonjara

UNESCO Bangkok JFIT InfoDev (World bank) AED Knowledge Enterprise